What is Diabetes?

In the understanding of diabetes, the need to understand the normal body of sugar metabolism process. When you ingest food, a lot of food is broken down into sugars called glucose. Glucose is the fuel of the body cell. When the glucose content rises in the blood, the insulin is released from the pancreas into the blood (insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas) and then the insulin will be attached to the body cells, so that sugar into the cells.

When the body can not produce enough insulin or can not effectively use insulin, it will happen to diabetes, chronic diseases.

The main types of diseases are:

  • Type 1 diabetes: insulin-secreting cells (pancreatic beta-cells) are no longer able to secrete enough insulin for your body.
  • Type 2 diabetes: the body may not produce enough insulin or the body may not be able to effectively use insulin, or sometimes both cases. 1

Manifested as a group of chronic hyperglycemia characterized by metabolic diseases, and bring tissue and organs have long-term damage.

Diabetes can affect your daily life, but diabetics can learn to manage diabetes through a full and positive life. Diabetes administration includes:

  • Implement a healthy diet plan
  • Participate in physical activity
  • Develop other health habits, such as weight control, and avoid smoking, etc. 2
  • Use blood glucose meter to check your blood sugar level
  • Control blood pressure
  • If appropriate, take insulin or oral medication
  • Learn about diabetes.


1. ADA 2012: Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/35/Supplement_1/S64.extract

2. WHO Factsheet 312 http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs312/en/