Diabetes risk factors and genetics

The risk factors for type 2 diabetes were:

  • Suffering from pre-diabetes

         - Impaired impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and /

          - Fasting blood glucose damage (IFG)

  • Over 45 years old
  • History of diabetes mellitus
  • overweight
  • Do not love to participate in physical activity
  • hypertension
  • High blood lipids
  • Some ethnic groups (non-Hispanic blacks, Hispanic or Latino, American Indians, Alaska Native Americans, Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders)
  • Women with gestational diabetes or having more than 9 pounds of infants

ADA: Your First Visit


International Diabetes Federation (IDF) 

website: http://www.idf.org/

The etiology of type 1 diabetes is currently unknown, however, it may involve both inherited (genetic) risk factors and environmental risk factors.

Family history (genetic etiology) and lifestyle-related risk factors in the development and development of type 2 diabetes will play a role, although often difficult to distinguish between the two types of risk factors, to accurately determine the type 2 diabetes "cause." For example, obesity is associated with type 2 diabetes. Obesity tends to be inherited in the family ("genetic" risk factors), and the family tends to develop similar dietary and physical exercise habits ("lifestyle-related" risk factors). [American Society of Diabetes (ADA) website 2013: Diabetes Genetics]

Type 1 diabetes may cause

Risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus

  • Genetic susceptibility (genes inherited from parents)
  • Environmental triggering conditions:

-          Cold weather and virus

-          Early diets; type 1 diabetes in the breastfeeding population and the larger age had just begun to intake of solid food in the crowd is relatively rare

-          The presence of autoantibodies in the blood - antibodies that can destroy bacteria or viruses of various types of protein; autoantibodies are antibodies 'bad', instead of attacking the body's own organization

  • Obesity (genetic susceptibility)
  • Sugar and saturated fat accounted for a high proportion of fruit and vegetables accounted for low eating habits
  • Do not love to participate in physical activity
  • Age
  • History of diabetes mellitus
  • race
  • During pregnancy, malnutrition affects the developing fetus

Source: American Diabetes Association (ADA) Website 2013: Diabetes Genetics; ADA 2012.